Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) covers all children and their devleopment from birth up to 5 years old. Here at Maryport Infant School we cater for children from the age of 2 in Maryport Munchkins as well as our Nursery and Reception class.

In both groups we have well resourced areas which are supported by highy qualifed and experienced staff. We offer free flow outside play meaning our children get all the benefits the outdoors has to offer at all times of the day, come rain or shine!

As laid out in the Early Years Framework we offer a broad, balanced and exciting curriclum based around the prime and specific areas of learning. This, combined with a combination of adult led and child led activities allows your children to develop as independent learners.

Early Years Foundation Stage Profile

There are seven areas of learning and development and these are an intergral part of all the planning and teaching that occurs.

They are split into Prime and Specific Areas:

Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first.

These are:

  • Communication and language;
  • Physical development;  
  • Personal, social and emotional development.

These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning. As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas.

These are:

  • Literacy;
  • Mathematics;
  • Understanding the world;  
  • Expressive arts and design.


Alongside these areas we try to help the children develop skills that will enable them to become successful learners as they continue their time in the school.

These skills are called the Charactersitics of Effective Learning:

Characteristics of Effective Learning

Playing and exploring

Finding out and exploring
Playing with what they know
Being willing to ‘have a go.’

Active learning

Being involved and concentrating
Keeping trying
Enjoying achieving what they set out to do

Creating and thinking critically

Having their own ideas
Making links
Choosing ways to do things

Adult led and Child led activities 

Most of the teaching is applied through the childs own play. This allows each child to have targeted, individual teaching, enabling them to progress in a way that suits them best in an activity that they have chosen themselves. As they progress into reception more formal teaching is applied in the way of Phonics and maths but embedded through their own self initiated play. We believe this has the greater impact and meaning for the children and also allows them to become independent and self driven learners.

Allowing the children and their interests to lead the planning means we have no set termly planning or 'topics'. We do however look at some topics through the year including  The Gruffalo, Christmas, Chinese New Year and Easter.  If you would like to find out more about this way of learning please do not hesitate to speak to any member of the Foundation Stage Team.

Adult directed teaching is when the teacher gets all the children or a small group together in order to teach them as a whole. The day starts with Phonics which is taught as outlined in the governments document Letters and Sounds. We combine this with the actions used in Jolly Phonics.  Mathematics is taught before dinner. After dinner there is another adult led activity which picks up the interests of the children or a seasonal topic, eg Easter, which may be approaching.